Sea Turtle Species

GREEN TURTLE
Chelonia mydas

Green Turtles are easily distinguished from other sea turtles because of a single – rather than double – pair of scales in front of its eyes. The head of a Green Turtle is small and blunt with a serrated jaw. Shells are oval and color varies from pale to dark green, plain to brilliant yellow, and brown and green with stripes. Hatchlings are dark olive green or nearly black with a white underbelly.

SIZE: Adults are 3.5 – 4 feet long, weighing between 300 – 400 pounds.

NESTING: Each female nests 3 to 5 times every other year and lays an average of 115 eggs in each nest. Eggs incubate in about 60 days.

STATUS: Endangered: This species is in danger of extinction within the foreseeable future.

LOGGERHEAD
Caretta caretta

Loggerheads have large heads with strong, heavy jaws and heart-shaped, ridgeless shells. Shell color is usually reddish-brown with a yellowish-brown underbelly. Hatchlings are typically dark brown with a pale brown border on their flippers.

SIZE: Adults are 2.5 – 3.5 feet in length, weighing up to 350 pounds.

NESTING: Each female nests 5 to 7 times every 2-3 years and lays an average of 80-120 eggs in each nest. Eggs incubate in about 55 days. Loggerheads are the species of sea turtle that nests most frequently in Florida.

STATUS: Threatened: This species is likely to become in danger of extinction within the foreseeable future.

LEATHERBACK
 Dermochelys coriacea

Leatherbacks are the largest turtles and the largest living reptiles in the world. Leatherbacks are the only sea turtle that lack a bony outer shell. Adults are primarily black with a pinkish-white mottled laterally ridged shell and have a pale white and pink spotting on the head. Hatchlings have white striping along their backs, are about 3-4 inches in length and weigh between 1.04-1.08 ounces.

SIZE: Adults are between 6- 6.5 feet in length and weigh about 1500-2000 pounds.

NESTING: Each female nests multiple times during a season and lays an average of 80-100 eggs in each nest. Eggs incubate in about 70 days.

STATUS: ENDANGERED: This species is in danger of extinction within the foreseeable future.

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